High blood pressure is a serious condition which can cause heart attacks, strokes and kidney damage. Since it is a painless condition, many people do not realize they have it until it is discovered during a routine physical examination.
There are many possible causes of hypertension which should be investigated and reduced as much as possible. Drugs which increase urinary output thereby reducing edema are effective in lowering blood pressure in many cases but may have undesirable side effects. Tranquilizing drugs reduce blood pressure but cause impaired coordination, drowsiness and depression or even more serious side effects in many cases. Such drugs, however, should not be discontinued without medical supervision.